Heart Diseases: Types and Symptoms You Must Know

General Article

Heart disease is one of them leading cause of death in the world. There are four types of heart disease which share similar symptoms. However, each type has its own set of particular symptoms which depend on the severity of the condition. Here are some types of heart diseases and how to recognize them from their various symptoms.

Heart attack (Myocardial Infarction or MI)

When someone suffers from a heart attack they experience heaviness, pain around the chest and below the breastbone, pressure and discomfort. At times, the feeling can reach the throat, jaw and back. Heart attack triggers irregular heartbeats, shortness of breath, anxiety, dizziness, sweating and nausea. In many cases, heart attack will last for 30 minutes to an hour or even longer. In some cases, the heart attack can occur without symptoms. A heart attack without symptoms is known as a silent MI and it’s common among people who suffer from diabetes.

Coronary artery disease

Coronary artery disease is a type of heart attack is defined by the occurrence of angina or chest pain. Chest pain creates painful sensation, heaviness, squeezing and aching around the chest and can further spread to the throat, arms, shoulders and jaw. Apart from chest pain, other symptoms that accompany coronary artery disease are shortness of breath, sweating, palpitations, rapid heartbeat, weakness and dizziness.


Arrhythmia is an abnormal rhythm of heart beats. Common symptoms that present during arrhythmia include palpitations, the feeling of light-headed, fainting, discomfort feeling in chest, fatigue, chest pounding, dizziness, shortness of breath, and weakness. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of some types of arrhythmia. Just like arrhythmia sufferers, AF patients may also experience the lack of energy, palpitations, dizziness, chest discomfort, shortness of breath and tiredness.

Heart valve disease

Heart valve disease is a condition when the heart valve struggles to work normally. This disease triggers dizziness, weakness feeling, chest discomfort, palpitations, and shortness of breath which you notice while doing normal activities or resting in bed. Heart valve disease which causes heart failure may show some other symptoms such as fast weight gain and swelling in the ankles, feet or abdomen area.

Heart failure

Heart failure occurs when the heart suffers from cardiac disorders which prevent enough blood from circulating the body. Like the heart valve disease, heart failure also shows symptoms like the shortness of breath; fatigue; ankles, abdomen, and feet swelling; dizziness; fast weight gain; nausea; palpitations; and chest pain. A person who suffers from heart failure may also experience cough that produces white mucus.

The health of our heart is 9very important to support our health; hence it is important to recognize the risk and symptoms of heart diseases.